Historically, ABC transporters first gained doubtful fame as being responsible for the occurrence of chemoresistance, because some members of the ABC transporter family very efficiently expel almost all chemotherapeutics from tumour cells. This has pushed pharmacologic ABC transporter research toward the development of inhibitors to aid chemotherapies.
However, beside their protective function against xenobiotics and drugs ABC transporters also play an important role in excreting metabolites and toxic peptides from cells and organs. During the recent years, we were able to uncover the importance of the family members ABCB1 and ABCC1 for the clearance of toxic peptides from the brain that are known to trigger neurodegenerative diseases.
Thus, the activation of specific ABC transporters as a new treatment option and their utilisation in diagnostics is currently developed by us for different neurodegenerative diseases that have localised deposition of aggregating peptides (e.g. Alzheimer’s, Huntington’s, Lewy body dementia etc.).
* Project Links:
* Published Research Papers:
Morphometric analysis of the cerebral expression of ATP-binding cassette transporter protein ABCB1 in chronic schizophrenia: Circumscribed deficits in the habenula.
Schizophrenia Res (2016)
Accumulation of murine β-amyloid mimics early Alzheimer’s disease.
Krohn M, Bracke A, Avchalumov Y, Schumacher T, Hofrichter J, Paarmann K, Fröhlich C, Lange C, Brüning T, von Bohlen und Halbach O, Pahnke J
Aug 138(Pt 8):2370-82. PubMed
Cerebral ABC transporters: Common mechanisms may modulate neurodegenerative diseases and depression in elderly.
Arch Med Res (2014)
Pahnke J, Fröhlich C, Krohn M, Paarmann K, Bogdanovic N, Årsland D, Winblad B
Vascular and extravascular distribution of the ATP-binding cassette transporters ABCB1 and ABCC1 in aged human brain and pituitary.
Mech Ageing Dev (2014)
Bernstein HG, Hölzl G, Dobrowolny H, Hildebrand J, Trübner K, Krohn M, Bogerts B, Pahnke J
Sep 141-142C:12-21. PubMed
Alzheimer’s and ABC transporters – new opportunities for diagnostics and treatment.
Neurobiol Dis (2014)
Pahnke J, Langer O, Krohn M
Dec 72 (2014) 54–60. PubMed
Reduced Alzheimer’s disease pathology by St. John’s wort treatment is independent of hyperforin and facilitated by ABCC1 and microglia activation in mice.
Curr Alz Res (2013)
Impaired mitochondrial energy production and ABC transporter function – a crucial interconnection in dementing proteopathies of the brain.
Mech Ageing Dev (2013)
ABC transporters B1, C1 and G2 differentially regulate neuroregeneration in mice.
Cerebral amyloid-ß proteostasis is regulated by the membrane transport protein ABCC1 in mice.
J Clin Invest (2011)
Krohn M, Lange C, Hofrichter J, Scheffler K, Stenzel J, Steffen J, Schumacher T, Brüning T, Plath AS, Alfen F, Schmidt A, Winter F, Rateitschak K, Wree A, Gsponer J, Walker LC, Pahnke J
Oct 121(10):3924–3931. PubMed PDF
Alzheimer’s disease and blood-brain barrier function – Why have anti-beta-amyloid therapies failed to prevent dementia progression?
Neurosci Biobehav Rev (2009)
Die Funktion der Blut-Hirn-Schranke für die Pathogenese der Alzheimer Demenz – Implikationen für immunologische Therapien zur Plaqueauflösung.
Fortschr Neurol Psyc (2009)
Pahnke J, Krohn M, Scheffler K
Aug 77: S21-24. PubMed
Clinico-pathologic function of cerebral ABC transporters – implications for the pathogenesis of Alzheimer’s disease.
Curr Alz Research (2008)
More to come soon!